Cargo ship: general structure, equipment and arrangement

General cargo ship

A,B,D.hatches No 1, No 2, No3, C cofferdam  1.cargo gear, masts and derricks 2. hatch covers 3. cargo winches 4. mast house 5. main deck 6. second deck 7. 'tweendeck centreline bulkhead 8. lower hold centreline bulkhead 9. transverse bulkhead 10. tank top 11. stowage in holds 12. deck cargo
A,B,D.hatches No 1, No 2, No3,
C cofferdam

1.cargo gear, masts and derricks
2. hatch covers
3. cargo winches
4. mast house
5. main deck
6. second deck
7. ‘tweendeck centreline bulkhead
8. lower hold centreline bulkhead
9. transverse bulkhead
10. tank top
11. stowage in holds
12. deck cargo

A bow B midship body C quarter D forecastle E  bridge castle  1 stem, bow 2 bulb 3 hawse pipe 4 forecastle break, forecastle bulkhead 5 main deck 6 second deck 7 third deck or orlop deck 8 upper 'tween deck 9 lower 'tween deck 10 lower hold 11 transverse bulkhead 12 tank top plating 13 propeller 14 rudder 15 stern frame 16 counter stern 17 bulwark 18 mooring gear 19 accommodation ladder 20  bridge, flying bridge, "monkey island" 21 lifeboat 22 ladder 23  funnel 24 signal mast, "Christmas tree" 25  aerials 26 cargo derricks 27 cargo cranes 28  heavy lift rig 29 hatch covers 30 ventilator 31 mast top, mast platform 32 samson post, king post 33 navigation light 34 hawse gear 35 deck house

A bow
B midship body
C quarter
D forecastle
E  bridge castle

1 stem, bow
2 bulb
3 hawse pipe
4 forecastle break, forecastle bulkhead
5 main deck
6 second deck
7 third deck or orlop deck
8 upper ‘tween deck
9 lower ‘tween deck
10 lower hold
11 transverse bulkhead
12 tank top plating
13 propeller
14 rudder
15 stern frame
16 counter stern
17 bulwark
18 mooring gear
19 accommodation ladder
20  bridge, flying bridge, “monkey island”
21 lifeboat
22 ladder
23  funnel
24 signal mast, “Christmas tree”
25  aerials
26 cargo derricks
27 cargo cranes
28  heavy lift rig
29 hatch covers
30 ventilator
31 mast top, mast platform
32 samson post, king post
33 navigation light
34 hawse gear
35 deck house

High speed large flush deck cargo vessel

click to view

1 . Rudder
2 . Propeller
3 . Bossing
4 . Bilge keel
5 . Load line disc
6 . Midship draft marks
7. Forward draft marks
8. Docking bridge
9 . Mainmast
10 . After derrick post
– King post
– Samson post
11 . Bridge
12 . Funnel
13 . Radar mast
14 . Fore derrick post
15 . Foremast
16. Winch platform
17. Derrick boom
18 . Ventilator

click to view

19 . Hatch, Hatchway, cargo hatchway
20. Forecastle
21 . Freeing part, wash port
22. Accomodation ladder
23. Mooring pipe
24. Fair-leader, Fair-lead
25. Anchor
26. Windlass
27. Winch
28. Lifeboat
29. Mast head light
30. Range light
31 . Side light
32 . Blue peter (Flag)
33 . Signal flag
34 . Ensign/ Stern flag
35. House flag
36. Bulbous bow


click to view

1 . Rudder
2. Propeller
3. Bulbous bow
4. Bilge keel
5. Load line disc
6. Midship draft marks
7. Forward draft marks
8. Docking bridge
9. Mainmast
10 . After derrick post
King post
Samson post
11 . Bridge
12 . Funnel
13 . Radar mast
14 . Fore derrick post
15 . Foremast
16 . Winch platform
17 . Derrick boom
18 . Ventilator
19 . Hatch, hatchway, cargo hatchway
20. Forecastle
21 . Freeing port, wash port
22. Accomodation ladder
23. Mooring pipe
24. Fair-leader, fair-lead
25 . Anchor
26. Windlass
27. Winch
28 . Life boat
29. Mast head light
30. Range light
31 . Side light
32. Blue peter
33. Signal flag
34. Ensign flag
35. House flag

Large shelter decker cargo vessel

1 . No.5 Cargo hatch
2. No.4 Cargo hatch
3. No.5 Hold
4. No.4 Hold
5. Rudder
6. Docking bridge
7. Steering engine room
8. Shaft tunnel
9. Mainmast
10 . Engine room
11 . Main engine
12 . Boiler
13 . Funnel
14 . Steering room
15 . Upper steering position
16 . Galley
17 . Officer Engineer’s cabin
18 . Crew’s room
19. Dining saloon
20 . Mizzen mast
21 . No.1 Hold
22 . No.2 Hold
23 . No.3 Hold
24 . No. 1 Cargo hatch
25 . No.2 Cargo hatch
26 . No.3 Cargo hatch
27. Foremast
28 . Shelter deck
29. Windlass
30 . Tonnage opening
31 . Forepeak tank
32 . Afterpeak tank
33. Double bottom
34 . Deep tank
35. Derrick boom
36 . Propeller
37. Ensign staff
38 . Jack staff
39 . Wireless antenna
40 . Winch
41 . Stem
42 . Stern framo
43 . Chain locker
44 . Provision store
45 . Escape trunk
46 . Upper deck
47 . Upperdeck cargo hatch
48 . Chart room
49 . Lifeboat
50 . Ventilator

1 . Plate Keel
2. Center girder
3. Center (line) strake
4. Side girder
5. Horizontal margin plate
6. Inner bottom plating
7. Bottom plating
8. Floor
9. Manhole
10 . Reverse frame
11 . Main frame
12 . Bilge strake
13 . Sheer strake
14. Side plating
15 . Upper deck
16 . Bilge keel
17. Bulward plating
18 . Frame
19. Tank side bracket
20. Beam bracket
21 . Deck beam
22. Shelter deck
23. Horizontal stiffener
24. Gunwale angle
25. Bulwark stay
26. Hand rail
27. Hatch side coaming

Middle three island cargo vessel

click to view

1 . Forepeak (water) tank
2. Afterpeak (water) lank
3. Ballast tank
4. Cargo hold
5. Cargo space
6. Shaft tunnel
7. Boiler room
8. Engine room
9. Funnel
10 . King post
11 . Derrick boom
12 . Winch
13 . Winch platform
14 . Hatch
15 . Foremast
16 . Mainmast
17 . Lifeboat
18. Boat davit
19 . Temma
20. Flag staff
21 . Windlass
22 . Anchor
23 . 1 iawne pipe
24 . Chain locker
25 . Anchor davit
26 . Anchor light
27 . Mast head light
28 . Range light
29, Smoke tube
30 . Steering room
31 . Chart room
32 . Officer’s room
33. Collision bulkhead
34. Web frame
35 . Frarne
36 . Panting Stringer
37 . Watertight bulkhead
38 . Hold pillar
39 . Bottom ceiling
40 . Sparing
41 . Plummer block
42 . Screw shaft
43 . 1 unnel rc~cea
44 . Lscape trunk
45. Bilge well
46 . Propeller
47 . Shoe piece
48. Rudder
49 . Hatch board
50 . Vertical ladder
51 . Mooring pipe
52 . Wire reel
53 . Freeing port
54 . Aft peak bulkhead
55 . Refrigerating chamber
56 . Steering engine room
57 . Skylight
58 . Ventilator
59 . Fair leader
60 . Bollard
61 . Crew’s mess room
62 . Galley
63. Officer’s halls
64 . Ollicer’s W.C
65 . Crew’s bath
66 . Saloon
67 . Boatswains store
68 . Forecastle deck
69 . Upper deck
70 . Bridge deck
71 . Poopdeck
72 . Forestay
73 . Antenna
74 . Signal stay
75 . Windsail stay
76 . Windsail lift
77 . After stay
78 . Flag line
79 . Insulator
80. Mast truck

1 . Plate Keel
2. Center girder
3. Center (line) strake
4. Side girder
5. Horizontal margin plate
6. Inner bottom plating
7. Bottom plating
8. Manhole
9. Floor
10. Reverse frame
11 . Main frame
12. Bilge strake
13. Sheer strake
14. Side plating
15. Upper deck
16. Bilge keel
17. Bulwark plating
18. Frame
19. Tank side bracket
20. Beam bracket
21 . Deck beam
22. Upper deck
23. Horizontal stiffener
24. Bulwark stay
25. Gunwale angle (bar)
26. Bulwark top rail
27. Gusset plate
28. Hatch side coaming
29. Hatch beam
30. Web frame

1 . Boiler
2. Turbine
3. Blower
4. Circulating pump
5. Air ejector
6. Feed pump
7 . Maneuvering valve
8. Gauge board
9. Deaerator
10. Switchboard
11 . Thrust block
12. Condenser
13. Compression machine
14. Generator
15. Emergency diesel generator

Aft engine type cargo vessel :

1 . Rudder
2. Propeller
3. Stream anchor
4. Bilge keel
5. Accommodation ladder
6. Mooringwinch
7, Borllard
8. Fair-leader
9. Vegetable chamber
10 . Sky light
11 . Funnel
12 . Mushroom ventilator
13 . Cowl head ventilator
14 . Lifeboat ‘
15 . Lifting gear
16 . Radar mast
11 . Direction finder antenna
18 . Range light
19 . Mast head light
20 . Side light
21 . King’post
22 . Winch
23 . Derrick boom
24 . Derrick post
25 . Foremast
26 . Hatch
27 . On deck girder
28 . Freering port
29 . Windlass
30 . Bower anchor
31 . Mooring pipe
32 . Jack staff
33 . Ensign staff

1 . Cylinder head
2. Super charge
3. Frame
4. rind
5. Fly wheel

1 . Keel
2. Center girder
3. Side girder
4. Bottom longitudinal
5. Tank top longitudinal
6. Frame
7. Side stringer
8. Web frame
9. Tank side bracket
1o Bottom plating
11.Floor, bottom transverse
12 . Inner bottom plating
13 . Bilge keel
14 . Side plating
15 . Sheer strake
16. Stringer angle
17 . Stringer plate
18. Upper deck
19 . Deck longitudinal
20 . bulwark plating
21 . Bulwark stay
32 . Lightening hole
33 . Pipe hole
34 . Center (line) keelson
35 . Longitudinal bulkhead
36 . Rider plate
37 . Stiffener
38 . Top angle
39 . Inner bottom transverse
40 . Longitudinal girder
22 . Hand rail
23. On-deck girder
24. Side coaming
25. Pillar
26. Hatch beam
27. Tripping braket
28 . Bracket
29. Beam bracket
30 . Face bar
31 . Manhole
41 Girder

Equipment in cargo space

1 . Vertical sparring
2. Rubbing piece
3. Sparring sleeper
4. Shell plate
5. Side frame
6. Horizontal sparring
7. Vertical sparring cleat
8. Horizontal sparring cleat
9. Bottom ceiling
10 . Bilge ceiling
11 . Limber board
12 . Filling board .
13 . Manhole
14 . Manhole coaming
15 . Manhole steel cover
16 . Ceiling sleeper
17 . Inner bottom plate
18 . Quarter piller
19 . Fixed vertical sparring
20 . Detachable sparring
21 . Socket
22. Steel door
23. Steel wall

 

Bulk carrier

1. side-rolling hatch covers, 2. self-trimming cargo holds, 3. hoppers, 4. saddle tank, 5. double bottom ballast tank, 6. cofferdam, 7. wing ballast tank,

1. side-rolling hatch covers,
2. self-trimming cargo holds,
3. hoppers,
4. saddle tank,
5. double bottom ballast tank,
6. cofferdam,
7. wing ballast tank,

1. side-rolling hatch covers, 2. self-trimming cargo holds, 3. hoppers, 4. saddle tank, 5. double bottom ballast tank, 6. cofferdam, 7. wing ballast tank,

Development of superstructures on cargo ships

FLUSH DECK SHIP THREE ISLAND TYPE COMBINED POOP AND BRIDGE RAISED QUARTER DECK AWNING OR SPAR DECK OPEN SHELTER DECK ALL AFT CARGO SHIP

FLUSH DECK SHIP
THREE ISLAND TYPE
COMBINED POOP AND BRIDGE
RAISED QUARTER DECK
AWNING OR SPAR DECK
OPEN SHELTER DECK
ALL AFT CARGO SHIP

Hold ceiling – Cargo stowage

A. shoring, blocking off, B. seizing, lashing,: C. upright 1. side ceiling, side sparring, cargo battens, grating (not shown), 2. Umber boards, 3. floor ceiling, 4. hatch coaming, 5. hatchway, 6. upper 'tweendeck, 7. lower 'tweendeck. 8. lower hold (LH), hold, hatch, 6+7+8= hatch h = deckhead, headroom, h' = head under beams,

A. shoring, blocking off,
B. seizing, lashing,:
C. upright
1. side ceiling, side sparring, cargo battens,
grating (not shown),
2. Umber boards,
3. floor ceiling,
4. hatch coaming,
5. hatchway,
6. upper ‘tweendeck,
7. lower ‘tweendeck.
8. lower hold (LH), hold,
hatch,
6+7+8= hatch
h = deckhead, headroom,
h’ = head under beams,

Room on cargo ship


1 . Wheel house
2. Chart room
3. Radio room
4. Hospital
5. Saloon
6. Smoking room
7. Office’s mess room
8. Crew’s mess room
9. Galley
10. Pantry
11 . WC& Bath’s room
12. Crew’s WC
13. Day room
14. Bed room
15. Toilet room
16 . Bath room
17. Chief office’s room
18. 2nd Offices room
19. 3rd Office’s room
20, Chief engineer’s room
21 . 1 st engineer’s room
22 . 2nd engineer’s room
24 . Chief wireless operator’s room
23 . 3rd engineer’s room
25 . 2nd wireless operator’s room
27. Purser’s room
28 . Clerk’s room
29 . Apprentice office’s room
26 . 3rd wireless operator’s room
30 . Boatswain’s room
31 . Carpenter & Deck store keeper’s room
32 . Quarter master’s room
33 . Sailor room
34 . No1 . Oiler’s room
35 . Engine store keeper’s room
36 . Oiler’s room
37 . Fireman’s room
38 . Chief steward’s room
39 . Steward’s room’
40 . Chief boy’s room
41 . Boy’s room
42 . Doctor’s room
43. State’s room